Kitchen Gardening

Punjabi Calendar Desi Month Names and Farming-2024


Introduction to Desi Calendar

The Desi calendar is also commonly known as the Bikrami calendar and Punjabi calendar. Desi months calendar is connected with agricultural practices, it acts as a guide for the farmers when to sow and harvest crops, especially for wheat and rice. The Punjabi calendar also indicates the weather changes.

Punjabi Calendar Desi Month Names:

  1. Chet (March 14 – April 13)
  2. Vaisakh (April 14 – May 14)
  3. Jeth (May 15 – June 14)
  4. Harh (June 15 – July 15)
  5. Sawan (July 16 – August 15)
  6. Bhadon (August 16 – September 14)
  7. Asu (September 15 – October 14)
  8. Katak (October 15 – November 13)
  9. Maghar (November 14- December 13)
  10. Poh (December 14 – January 12)
  11. Magh (January 13 – February 11)
  12. Phagun (February 12- March 13)

Chet (Mid-March to Mid-April):

The Punjabi calendar starts with Chet/Chetair and it is the beginning of the new agricultural year. The temperature starts increasing day by day. The spring season is at its peak.

Vaisakh/Baisakhi (Mid-April to Mid-May):

Vaisakh is an important month in the Punjabi calendar. The month of vaisakh indicates that the summer season has started. Harvesting of wheat is done in this month.

Jeth (Mid-May to Mid-June):

In the month of Jeth, the weather is hot. The farmers are busy taking care of their crops like sugarcane, cotton, and vegetables. The warm weather requires diligent irrigation and care.

Harh (Mid-June to Mid-July):

In this month the summer is at peak, demanding careful water management to support crops during the hot months. Mangoes ripen during this time, adding sweetness to the season’s toil.

Sawan (Mid-July to Mid-August):

The month of Sawan is transition to monsoon season also known as the rainy season. In this month farmers prepare to sow kharif crops mainly rice. Monsoon season replenishes the groundwater levels and is also optimal for seed germination.

Bhadon (Mid-August to Mid-September):

Bhadon or Bhado is the month which marks the peak of monsoon season. The rains play a vital role in nourishing crops while on the other hand, excessive rainfall can lead to crop.

Asu (Mid-September to Mid-October):

The monsoon season ends and the Asu marks the approach of autumn. The temperature in this month becomes moderate. Winter vegetable seeds are sown in this month.

 Katak (Mid-October to Mid-November):

Katak is the month in which in which kharif crops are harvested. The farmers start to sow wheat and other winter crops.

Maghar (Mid-November to Mid-December):

Maghar is the month in which farmers take care of the winter crops. The daytime temperature is between 10- 20 degrees Celsius and in night temperature is 0 to 10 degrees Celsius.

Poh (Mid-December to Mid-January):

Poh marks the peak of winter’s daytime temperature is between 0 to 10 degrees Celsius and in night temperature is 0 degrees Celsius or below. Foggy mornings are common in poh. Traditional foods like Sarson da Saag and Makki di Roti, are savored during this chilly season.

Magh (Mid-January to Mid-February):

Magh brings the end of the winter season peak and the anticipation of spring although the weather remains cold throughout the month. The plant dormancy period ends this month and new growth starts.

Phagun (Mid-February to Mid-March):

Phagun marks the transition from winter to spring. It is the last month of the Punjabi calendar. The farmers start preparing the soil for summer vegetables and crops.